Deforestation: The Adverse Effects and Correction Measures

We’re delighted to feature a guest article, penned by Carrie Writer, edited by Tracey West.


The last few decades have seen Kenya’s forest cover diminish by a vast margin. Compared to 1963, Kenya has lost about 8% of its original forest cover, which has been a worrying trend.

Kenyans have certainly felt the effects of deforestation. The last few months have come with sweltering heat and water rationing from the government. Cutting down of trees has had the following impacts:

Change in weather patterns:

There was a time when the weather was so predictable, that farmers knew the right planting season.

Sadly, those days are long gone.

Rainfall has been scarce and the rainy season is now unpredictable. Being a country that heavily relies on agriculture, the population has grappled with a dwindling food supply.

Rising cost of food:

Due to a lack of enough locally grown produce, the demand for food has been greater than the supply. The economics have a way of regulating prices depending upon supply and demand and in this case it has resulted in a steep increase in food prices.

As you can see, everything has had a ripple effect and deforestation has been the trigger.

There is now a great urgency to correct the human-made problem of deforestation. The good news is that it is reversible, but only if we follow the right methods to fix the errors we’ve made in the past.

Ways of preventing deforestation

Education:

Education is vital when it comes to transferring knowledge about deforestation and encouraging others to adopt the idea of afforestation (the process of replanting trees).

The Word Forest Organisation is a UK based charity that has been doing an excellent job building schools and facilitating education, helping impoverished communities in rural parts of Kenya. Keeping the planting of trees as their primary focus, this new charity has managed to improve the livelihoods of Boré communities in many ways and they are hoping to expand their operation throughout Kenya, as donations to their organisation increase and funds allow.

Knowledge is power and the efficient delivery of environmental information to a community, can have profound effects. The overall goal of the charity has been to improve the status of the economy and health for local communities like Boré but also to improve the quality of the air that blows all over the world and to mitigate the effects of climate change globally.

How can reforestation improve health and wellness?

  • Planting trees en masse will help to restore the normal rains in Kenya, which will grow food and reduce the cases of malnutrition.
  • The rains will provide plenty of water for better sanitation, essential for preventing diseases like cholera and typhoid.
  • If farmers can produce more tree borne harvests, they can sell the surplus in the markets, improving their economic position.
  • A well-fed, healthier population will reduce stress on the overall economy, allowing the government to channel funds previously used to provide food relief, to other areas of need, like building better road networks, improving the health system etc.

Government involvement

The government should introduce and implement rules to enforce reforestation. This could be done in a variety of ways:

  • Imposing hefty fines on people found cutting down trees.
  • Creating funds via grants and loans to help people move away from illegal charcoal production and that help them set up legitimate businesses.
  • Encouraging and rewarding reforestation efforts.

Nature is unforgiving and the effects of deforestation have shown nature’s wrath in Kenya and across Africa.

If we don’t do something now, we will undoubtedly have a bigger problem to deal with in future which will be costly and time-consuming.

While we all await answers from the powers that be, every citizen of Kenya could get started right now and participate in reforestation efforts on as large a scale as they are able, and help to educate entire communities with best practice for looking after the forests.

The future is promising, but only if it has lots of trees in it.

Carrie Writer


About Carrie

Carrie was once a banker but her love for writing shone through and she switched her career to focus on what she loves most. She’s now a professional content writer based in London with six years experience creating articles and features for blogs, advertorials, pieces for NGOs, Health, IT and other For-Profit businesses. See ContentSource.org for details.